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What Does A Building Survey Consist Of

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  • Posted date:
  • 27-09-2019
What Does A Building Survey Consist Of

Formerly known as a structural survey, a building survey denotes a very comprehensive inspection of all the vital components of a property. It provides owners with a detailed evaluation of the overall condition of their building.

In essence, an evaluation report describes the status of every single element of the building. It pinpoints any defect, its cause, and the need for repair as well as maintenance costs. The entire process consists of the following:

The Building Inspection

This process can be divided into two sub-procedures, which include:

Structural Components

For this process, the surveyor will execute a thorough inspection of all the structural components of the building.


These include walls, roofs, windows, doors, floors, cellars, stairways, garages, patios as well as outbuildings like sheds. The surveyor has a legal obligation to discover any current and potential issues within the building’s structure, which means that they will deliberately look for defects.

Service Components

For this category, the building inspector may organise for inspection with suitable experts to check and identify problems in major service lines of the building.


These include electrical connection as well as service systems like plumbing, sewer, heating, air conditioning, and ventilation. This level of inspection is, however, done at your request. The inspector doesn’t investigate concealed parts of the building, which may include sealed roof spaces.


Note: There is no specific format to be followed, and hence you may request the inspector to customise the inspection procedure to suit your needs.

Building Survey Structural Report

After completing the inspection, the surveyor will compile a report indicating the results of the procedure.

This report will reveal both minor and major issues that may compromise the structural integrity of the building. Some of the issues that could be highlighted include:

  • Any damage to the structural components whether minor or major
  • Dampness on the wall or floors
  • Any alterations made without proper approval
  • Presence of harmful materials like chemicals or asbestos
  • Infestation of pests

Within the report, they will also explain the causes of the issues, recommend further investigation if theirs isn’t conclusive and indicate an approximation of repair costs.

They will also indicate the urgency of repairing each issue and reveal what would happen if the problems are not corrected.

Cost of the Survey

There isn’t a predetermined price for the survey, but the cost often ranges between £500 and £1,300. The cost varies depending on the location of the property, size, and condition.


Large homes and buildings that are in very poor conditions are likely to take longer to complete. Hence, the inspection cost is expected to be higher.


Accessibility is also another major aspect influencing costs; limited access will prolong the inspection period and may require special equipment.


To cut the cost and ensure that you receive the most favourable prices, you will want to fill a simple form provided by RICS regulated Chartered Surveyors. This will allow you to receive instant quotes.


A building survey tells the condition of a property as well as the necessary repairs and their costs. It’s conducted by Charted Surveyors who are regulated by RICS—a body that sets the necessary guidance for the surveyors.


This organisation also provides independent quotes, which assists the interested parties with estimating the overall cost of the procedure.


Do you have questions about a property that you wish to buy or sell? Would you benefit from the advice of a qualified RICS surveyor? Follow the link below to find out more.